Psychotropic Medication


Introduction. Psychotropic medication is the use of neurological medicines called psychoactive drugs that overcome the blood-brain barrier resulting in specific reduction of some brain functions like mood, perception, consciousness and behavior. In simpler words, this is a medication given by psychiatrists to help their patients with the treatment of mental diseases by reducing the brain activity. They are also used as a recreational or even spiritual drugs to purposefully change the brain function to feel “detached” or “elevated”. Although, the use of psychotropic medication has increased in the recent years both recreationally and medicinally, its usage other than the prescribed use has faced severe criticism due to rampant abuse of its constituent drugs.


Explanation. As said earlier, the Psychotropic medication alters the control of brain over the rest of the body. Due to the elusive nature of Neurology, Science has yet to come up with a concrete explanation of how many of these psychoactive drugs interact with brain for the desired effects, but is generally accepted by the scientific community that these drugs block certain receptors which are help the brain interact with the surroundings. When lesser information is available to the brain, it acts like it is “disconcerted” and “detached”.


There are many natural and synthetically produced drugs that are used for Psychotropic medication. Some of them are:


Antipsychotics. According to Francis, they are used for patients suffering from delusions, hallucinations and similar mental problems. Although their working is not known, they are generally thought to have an effect on dopamine nerves receptors present in the brain. These drugs are used for treating children suffering from Schizophrenia, bi polar disorder and autism, but there is only limited approval from FDA to use these drugs due to their wide ranging side effects. Ablify, Inviga and Latuda are examples of antipsychotics.


Antidepressants. Francis explains that antidepressants are one of the major Psychotropic drugs used in medication. They are used to treat people with major depressive disorder which affects almost 8 percent of the population. They don’t have strong side effects like antipsychotic drugs but they have a serious neurological side effect in the shape of increased suicidal motivation. Antidepressant drugs are labelled with these warnings. Prozac, Paxil and Celexa are some major antidepressants.


ADHD Drugs. Francis shares insight regarding ADHD drugs. ADHD is a common childhood psychological situation in which an infant goes hyperactive and becomes difficult to subdue. Stimulant is the common name of an ADHD drug. Side effects include sleep problem and decreased appetite which can be harmful for children. Concerta and Ritalin are common stimulants.


Antianxiety medicines and Mood Stabilizers. Antianxiety drugs are used for severe anxiety patients who face interference in day to day activities, and mood stabilizers are used to treat bi polar disorder. Antianxiety drugs are addictive in nature and mood stabilizers’ side effects are suicidal thoughts and weight gain. Xanax and Ativan are important antianxiety drugs.


Conclusion. The psychotropic drugs have powerful function altering capabilities that can help mental patients in living a normal life. But after studying the various side effects involved, it is recommended that their undue usage should be discouraged by drug authorities and other concerned people.