Education In Texas

The state of Texas has over 1000 public school districts. All but one of these districts is an independent school District, which means that it is separate from the municipal government. In many cases the school districts cross county boundaries and city boundaries. These Independent school districts can text the residence and they can declare eminent domain for property that is privately owned. It is the Texas education agency which oversees all the school districts, offers supplemental funding, and yet has limited jurisdiction to intervene in school districts which perform poorly.

There are 36 distinct public universities in Texas, 32 of which belong to one of six individual state university systems. Three of the universities in Texas are considered tier 1 research institutions by the Carnegie foundation.

In Texas the size of the school districts ranges significantly. For example, the Houston Independent school District is quite large compared to the divide Independent school District which only houses 13 students. School districts in this area are divided into 20 regions, overseen by educational service centers. There is a contentious tax relocation system currently in place which offers court authorized impartial financing for every school district in the state of Texas. Revenue from property taxes of the more expensive and successful school districts is distributed to those which are property poor. All of this is done in an effort to equalize the financing of every district in the state. This plan is referred to as the Robin Hood plan.

Texas also has many private schools, a handful of which are Catholic and Protestant. The Texas education agency has no authority over these schools. The private schools in the state of Texas can be accredited but are not required to be. And achievement tests are not required for seniors to graduate from private school. Many private schools in the state of Texas do obtain accreditation and offer achievement test as a means of encouraging future parents that their school is actually interested in educational performance. Without such interest, they would be unable to persuade parents and students to attend. This state is considered one of the least restrictive in terms of homeschooling. Neither the local school districts nor the Texas education agency have authority to regulate homeschooled. State law only demands that homeschooling teaches students to read, spell, complete proper grammar, mathematics, and study good citizenship. Homeschooling does not require a minimum number of days per year, or hours per day or achievement test in the state of Texas.